According to Kim

Do you know what this is?

with 9 comments

art.MRSA.cdc.jpg

CHICAGO, Illinois (AP) — More than 90,000 Americans get potentially deadly infections each year from a drug-resistant staph “superbug,” the government reported Tuesday in its first overall estimate of invasive disease caused by the germ.

Deaths tied to these infections may exceed those caused by AIDS, said one public health expert commenting on the new study. The report shows just how far one form of the staph germ has spread beyond its traditional hospital setting.

The overall incidence rate was about 32 invasive infections per 100,000 people. That’s an “astounding” figure, said an editorial in Wednesday’s Journal of the American Medical Association, which published the study.

Most drug-resistant staph cases are mild skin infections. But this study focused on invasive infections — those that enter the bloodstream or destroy flesh and can turn deadly.

Researchers found that only about one-quarter involved hospitalized patients. However, more than half were in the health care system — people who had recently had surgery or were on kidney dialysis, for example. Open wounds and exposure to medical equipment are major ways the bug spreads.

In recent years, the resistant germ has become more common in hospitals and it has been spreading through prisons, gyms and locker rooms, and in poor urban neighborhoods.

The new study offers the broadest look yet at the pervasiveness of the most severe infections caused by the bug, called methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, or MRSA. These bacteria can be carried by healthy people, living on their skin or in their noses.

An invasive form of the disease is being blamed for the death Monday of a 17-year-old Virginia high school senior. Doctors said the germ had spread to his kidneys, liver, lungs and muscles around his heart.

The researchers’ estimates are extrapolated from 2005 surveillance data from nine mostly urban regions considered representative of the country. There were 5,287 invasive infections reported that year in people living in those regions, which would translate to an estimated 94,360 cases nationally, the researchers said.

Most cases were life-threatening bloodstream infections. However, about 10 percent involved so-called flesh-eating disease, according to the study led by researchers at the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

There were 988 reported deaths among infected people in the study, for a rate of 6.3 per 100,000. That would translate to 18,650 deaths annually, although the researchers don’t know if MRSA was the cause in all cases.

If these deaths all were related to staph infections, the total would exceed other better-known causes of death including AIDS _ which killed an estimated 17,011 Americans in 2005 — said Dr. Elizabeth Bancroft of the Los Angeles County Health Department, the editorial author.

The results underscore the need for better prevention measures. That includes curbing the overuse of antibiotics and improving hand-washing and other hygiene procedures among hospital workers, said the CDC’s Dr. Scott Fridkin, a study co-author.

Some hospitals have drastically cut infections by first isolating new patients until they are screened for MRSA.

The bacteria don’t respond to penicillin-related antibiotics once commonly used to treat them, partly because of overuse. They can be treated with other drugs but health officials worry that their overuse could cause the germ to become resistant to those, too.

A survey earlier this year suggested that MRSA infections, including noninvasive mild forms, affect 46 out of every 1,000 U.S. hospital and nursing home patients — or as many as 5 percent. These patients are vulnerable because of open wounds and invasive medical equipment that can help the germ spread.

Dr. Buddy Creech, an infectious disease specialist at Vanderbilt University, said the JAMA study emphasizes the broad scope of the drug-resistant staph “epidemic,” and highlights the need for a vaccine, which he called “the holy grail of staphylococcal research.”

The regions studied were: the Atlanta, Georgia, metropolitan area; Baltimore, Maryland; Connecticut; Davidson County, Tennessee; the Denver, Colorado, metropolitan area; Monroe County, New York; the Portland, Oregon metropolitan area; Ramsey County, Minnesota.; and the San Francisco, California, metropolitan area.

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Written by Kim

October 17, 2007 at 9:24 am

Posted in Health, MRSA, News

9 Responses

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  1. I do know what it is, but it looks like a bunch of grapes. 😆 The superbug scares the hell out of me. But it angers me because it came about (most likely) from folks not completing their medication regimen; all the way through.

    diamondfistwerny

    October 17, 2007 at 1:16 pm

  2. I know! When given an antibiotic you’re supposed to finish it! You don’t know how many people I hear say “I’ll just take some of this left over anitbiotic that I have from the last time”. UGH!! This will be replacing H5N1 on my list of things to worry about. LOL Don’t worry, I won’t let it fall off my radar 😉

    Kim

    October 17, 2007 at 2:11 pm

  3. Another reason to hate B’more (goes along with your story):

    http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21351223/

    diamondfistwerny

    October 17, 2007 at 10:24 pm

  4. It’s bad. When I worked, we would get the odd case, but it does seem to be heard from more and more. Scary.
    Terri

    Terri

    October 18, 2007 at 8:02 am

  5. *HOW I KICKED MRSA*

    NOTE: EVERYTHING THAT I AM STATING IN THESE PARAGRAPHS IS ONLY MY OWN ADVICE. I AM NOT A DOCTOR, THIS IS JUST WHAT WORKED FOR ME. I TOOK THE ADVICE OF DOCTORS, WHAT I SEARCHED ONLINE AND RANDOM THOUGHTS AND PUT THEM TO THE TEST. LUCKILY, ALL OF THIS WORKED FOR ME AND I WISH I WOULD HAVE HAD SOMETHING LIKE THIS TO READ IN THE BEGINNING. THESE ARE ONLY MY OWN SUGGESTIONS. I STRONGLY SUGGEST YOU TRYING THEM, YOU HAVE NOTHING TO LOSE.

    *Antibiotics. I have been prescribed BACTRIM and also CLINDAMYCIN at different times.

    *HIBICLENS cleanser. This is an antiseptic/antimicrobial skin cleanser. It is a bright red liquid that comes in an 8 oz. teal colored plastic bottle. It should be found over the counter at your pharmacy. Use as a body scrub (best to avoid face & genitalia) daily for 2 weeks straight.

    *MUPIROCIN ointment. This is a prescription antibiotic ointment (comes in a small tube) to put on the skin. Put it on your MRSA breakouts as soon as you notice them coming and it should shrink them so that you don’t have to open them up and drain them. This will save you a lot of pain. Also, use a q-tip to apply a thin layer under your nose. Morning and night unless you shower or wash your face throughout the day, reapply. This will make an invisible barrier to help reduce the chance of staph entering your nose. Try your hardest to keep your fingers away from your nose at all times. Also, at night I used a nail brush and scrubbed under my finger nails with HIBICLENS then used a q-tip to apply a thin layer of MUPIROCIN under my finger nails since staph lives under your nails.

    *Wash your hands like crazy and keep a bottle of hand sanitizer in your purse/pocket.

    *One ER doctor told me never to cover a breakout because it needs to breathe. That’s crazy; you do not want anyone else to come into contact with an active breakout. Use a band-aid/bandage. You will find that you may hear many different things from many different doctors. There are so many different strains and they are rapidly growing so not everyone is up to speed on what works and what should be done.

    *I cannot stress this enough… DO NOT SHARE RAZORS!!! I believe this is how I got MRSA, by sharing my boyfriend’s razor. If you are close to someone else that has MRSA, the two of you can keep giving it back and forth to each other. Also, you keep giving it back to yourself. I am no longer surrounded by any one else that has it, which is great, but to avoid giving it back to myself I keep a cup filled with rubbing alcohol in my bathroom and after every single use of my razor I soak it in the cup. I really feel that this is important.

    *As you are battling this, you must keep your house as sterile as possible. I like to use natural cleaners in my house but while I was dealing with this I didn’t want to mess around. I bought very strong bathroom spray with bleach in it and kept Clorox wipes in my house. Keep your bathroom clean. Also, change your sheets and towels more often than you normally would. Remember, if you are in the bathroom extracting a MRSA breakout, you pretty much have to tell yourself that it’s a bio-hazard area. No one else should be there unless you really need help. EVERYTHING needs to be cleaned once you are done. Any towels used must be kept separately and washed in very hot water and possibly bleach. Wipe down every area you (and what has come out of you) have touched. Remember that what comes out of you is toxic.

    GOOD LUCK!!!

    tambutt

    October 18, 2007 at 4:03 pm

  6. […] Drug-resistant staph “superbug“ […]

    Defying Despondency

    October 19, 2007 at 3:52 am

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  8. […] Drug-resistant staph “superbug“ […]

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    November 26, 2007 at 5:18 am


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